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By Michael Smith
HUM/130 - RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD
Instructor: THOMAS THIESSEN
December 9, 2012
Catholicism is originally a branch of Christianity, which is one of the largest if not the largest religion in the entire world. With about 7.74 billion people in the world about one third of that are Christians. Christianity is a monothestic and Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings. It also considers the Hebrew Bible, which is known as the Old Testament to be canonical. Adherents of the Christian faith are known as Christians. One of the biggest denominations of the Christian faith is that of the Catholic Church also known as the Roman Catholic Church, it also is one of the oldest. The Catholic Church is said to have over one billion members. Catholicism is distinguished from other forms of Christianity in its particular understanding and commitment to tradition, the sacraments, and the mediation between God, communion, and the Church of Rome.
The first Catholic Church was said to have been created by Jesus Christ, and ordained the First Pope Simon Peter. From that day forward the Pope has been the leader of the Catholic Church, from the first Pope Simon Peter to the current Pope Benedict XVI (256th). The first Pope St. Peter eventually fled Jerusulem to avoid further persecution to Rome in the year 33 A.D. where the first Roman Catholic Church was founded ("How The Catholic Church Started", 2003). Almost 2000 years later the Catholic Church has grown to what it is today, there are about 20 different types of Catholic Churches; The Roman Catholic Church, Coptic Catholic Church, Ethiopic Catholic Church, Maronite Church, Syrian Catholic Church, Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, Armenian Catholic Church, Chaldean Catholic Church, Syro-Malabar Church, Albanian Byzantine Catholic Church, Belarusian Greek Catholic Church, Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church,...