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Question 1: What is questionnaire? Discuss the main points that you will take into account while drafting a questionnaire?
A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions and other prompts for the purpose of gathering information from respondents. Although they are often designed for statistical analysis of the responses, this is not always the case. The questionnaire was invented by Sir Francis Galton.
Questionnaires have advantages over some other types of surveys in that they are cheap, do not require as much effort from the questioner as verbal or telephone surveys, and often have standardized answers that make it simple to compile data. However, such standardized answers may frustrate users. Questionnaires are also sharply limited by the fact that respondents must be able to read the questions and respond to them. Thus, for some demographic groups conducting a survey by questionnaire may not be practical.
As a type of survey, questionnaires also have many of the same problems relating to question construction and wording that exist in other types of opinion polls.
Questionnaires may be classified as:
Structured/ Standardized Questionnaire:
Structured questionnaires are those in which there are definite, concrete and preordained questions with additional questions limited to those necessary to clarify inadequate answers or to elicit more detailed responses. The questions are presented with exactly the same wording and in the same order to all the respondents.
In unstructured questionnaires the respondent is given the opportunity to answer in his own terms and in his own frame of reference.
Points to take into account while drafting a questionnaire:
Writing an effective questionnaire is not a task for novices. At the very least it requires an understanding of four basics. These are:
➢ Considering the differences that exist when writing a questionnaire that...