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Bill Bailey, Chairman of the Board of the Utah Opera Organization is leaning toward positively supporting the merger of the Opera and the Symphony Orchestra. Bailey favors the proposed merger for the following reasons, due to the economic climate the operas financial stability, although stable at present, could be at risk for decline in the years to come due to the declining public and private support. Also, he and the Opera trustees would like to see the opera become a top-tier organization, and with the merger that would be possible.
To reach the goals of financial stability and top tier status, and expanding the opera’s potential, Bailey would need to utilize V. H. Vroom’s theory of motivation to gain the support of the opera’s executive committee and the Orchestra members. Expectancy theory can be used whenever there are a number of choices to be made.
Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory of Motivation is a process theory identifying internal factors that influence motivation. Based on the principle that motivation is a function of a person’s perceptions, thoughts, and beliefs, process theories of motivation are cognitive in nature (Kreitner, & Kinicki, 2010). Expectancy theory relies on extrinsic motivators to explain causes for behaviors. Therefore, if Bailey and the Orchestra executive committee are motivated, to gain top-tier status, expanding their artistic potential, then they can achieve that status, (a valued outcome) with actions (behavior) that supports the merger. Gaining top-tier status would be an example of an extrinsic motivator which expectancy theory relies on to explain behavior (Leadership and Motivation 2011).
Expectancy theory has three important components: Expectancy, Instrumentality, and Valance.
Expectancy – the expenditure of effort results in acceptable levels of performance. This perception will be based on the Bailey’s past experience, his self confidence (referred to as self efficacy), and his perception of the difficulty...