Plato vs. Aristotle - Essay
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Plato was a good friend of Socrates. Circa 387 ad, he established the school Academus.
He fine tuned his Forms and philosophy while studying and teaching here. His philosophy is meant to solve the problems of human happiness. His philosophy asks how the world could seem like it is permanent and changing. The world that we see and perceive with our senses is the material realm. This is why the world seems to be changing. Our senses can mislead us. The realm that we see with our mind is what he calls the “forms”. It is permanent, thus it is more real. Plato uses the metaphor involving the cave to illustrate his point. In the metaphor, Plato says that we are like people locked in a cave and that all we can see is the shadows or “forms” of the real objects in the background. The closer we get to leaving the cave the closer we become to perceiving what is real. Plato even uses another example asking how Gertrude the elephant could be large but tiny compared to a mountain. This is where the Forms come in. Plato considered the forms to be transcended and pure it is the property of an object that makes the form, and the property never changes. Since material objects can only copy the concept of the forms that makes the forms closer to reality. The forms of objects fuel the material world. Plato also divided the forms into higher and lower categories. He calls the lower form “science” and the process of reaching the higher form ‘dialectic”. The starting point of reaching the higher forms is the form of the good. Plato can not describe what the form of good is however. This is a problem with Plato’s forms. It could not explain why or what is the cause of the Forms.
This is where Aristotle comes in. Born in 384 ad, he was a student of Plato for 20 years. He formed his own school in 335 ad, it was called the lyceum. Aristotle felt that the material world was as real as it could be, that philosophy helped us embrace the world and comprehend it. He believed that the path the...