History of Marital Therapy - Essay

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Date Added: 02 / 01 / 2011
Category: Philosophy and Psychology
Words | Pages: 5187 | 21
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History of Marital Therapy - Essay

View Full Essay History of Marital Therapy
Gurman, A. S. & Fraenkel, P. (2002). The history of couple therapy: A millennial review. Family Process, 41, 199-260.
G&F point out that couples therapy (formerly marital therapy) has been largely neglected, even though family therapists do 1.5-2 times as much couple work as multigenerational family work. They also note this is not such a bad ratio, as 40% of people coming to therapy attribute their problems to relationship issues. G&F define Four Phases in the History Couples Therapy:
Phase I 1930 to 1963 Atheoretical
  1929 to 1932 - Three marital clinics opened; they were service and education oriented, and saw mostly individuals
  The closest thing to theory was what was borrowed from psychoanalytic - interlocking neurosis
  1931 the first marital therapy paper was published
  Theory was marginalized due to a lack of brilliant theorists, and a lack of distinction from individual analysis
 Phase II1931 to 1966Psychoanalytic Experimentation
  Therapists are seen as telling truth from distortion, rather than creating a truth
  Mostly individual sessions, but some conjoint; still treated like seeing two individual clients in the same room though
  Some started to downplay the role of the therapist
  Family was outshining couples work, and the couple techniques weren't innovative or particularly effective
Phase III1963 to 1985Family Therapy Incorporates
  Family therapy overpowers couples, even though a number of big name people really mostly saw couples
      Jackson Coined concepts like quid pro quo, homeostasis, and double bind for conjoint therapy
      SatirCoined naming roles members played, fostered self-esteem and actualization, and saw the therapist as a nurturing teacher
      BowenMultigenerational theory approach, with differentiation, triangulation, and projection processes, with the therapist as an anxiety-lowering coach - societal projection process was the forerunner of our...