Orchids

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Date Added: 09 / 02 / 2010
Category: Sciences
Words | Pages: 1897 | 8
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Orchids

View Full Essay Sub: Conservation of Orchids in the North East India and its commercialization                                              
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Youd be a wild orchid,
So full of life, colors alive,
Sprinkled with scarlett and purple,
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An orchid with a soul different from them all
different to touch, to hold, to look at.
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(From Poem “A Wild Orchid” by Lanie Alexandria Costeas )
God's own flowers… The orchids are the most exotic and fascinating flowers in the world.   Due to their variety, rarity, mysticism they are always surrounded by the curiosity and love of people around the world. Orchids are perennial plants which are members of the largest family of plants - Orchidaceae. Orchis, a genus of European Orchids, lent the name to the entire family which has an extraordinary diversity of species.   It is estimated that there are 450 genera with 25,000 species of orchids in the wild,
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distributed throughout the world; the chief centres of distribution are Indo-Malaya, tropical America, Sikkim and Eastern Himalayas. Orchids form 9% of the flora of India. It is estimated that about 1300 species of 140 genera of orchids are found in our country.
The North-East India (located between 87°32'E to 97°52'E latitude and 21° 34' N to 29°50'N latitude) is a genetic treasure house of plant, animal and microbial resources. The region forms a distinctive part of the Indo-Burma Hotspot which ranks the 6th among the 25 biodiversity hotspots of the world .North Eastern India owing to its peculiar gradient and varied climatic conditions contains largest group of temperate, sub-tropical orchids. There is much diversity among the members like large-flowered, terrestrial, epiphytic and also saprophytic orchids.
The North-East India, due to its agro-climatic diversity and high humidity...