Since Darwin Developed His Theory of Evolution, It Has No Longer Been Possible to Believe in God on the Basis of Design Argument-Disucss
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‘Since Darwin developed his theory of evolution, it has no longer been possible to believe in God on the basis of design argument’ Do you agree?
In this paper I will be looking at theological argument known also as design argument. I will analyse briefly its history and show different views from most known researchers, both supporting argument and those who had critical approach. Furthermore, I will analyse deeper Influence of Darwinism on theological argument. Finally, I will present my view of belief in God and give some example of theory which strongly supports design argument, but is holding also some elements of theory of evolution.
Overview of Design/Teleological Argument
Design argument known also as teleological is a concept which looks at intelligent design of some elements in nature and universe. It is believed that some higher intelligence (God) is standing behind creation of sophisticated forms. Teleological argument belongs to a group of five categories which should explain the existence of God: 1) the cosmological argument; 2) the ontological argument; 3) he design/ teleological argument; 4) the moral (within) argument; 5) the spiritual experience argument. The origins of this view are dating back to the ancient Greece. In 4th century BC Plato came up with the idea of design of cosmos in his dialogue; Timaeus and Aristotle in Metaphysics explained his view of cause which sets universe into motion known as “Unmoved Mover”.
St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
Thomas Aquinas, 13th century philosopher and theologian was also interested in the meaning of design and purpose in universe. In his work ‘Summa Theologica’ he presented ‘evidence’ supporting existence of God. He gives five rational reasons why God should exist. His fifth way is a form of design argument. ‘The fifth way is taken from the governance, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always, in the same way, so as to...