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1 - Why have Personal Navigation Devices become popular? What technologies are required to facilitate the success of PND?
With the technical advances, the systems’ basic functionalities and capabilities as stand-alone navigation systems can be said to have reached a substantially high level. And having acquired car entertainment functionalities as well, one of the directions that have come into view is a shift toward PNDs that are simple, inexpensive, and can be taken out of the car. They also become popular because PNDs are generally defined as "low-cost, simple portable automotive navigation systems." Most PNDs are small, with screens measuring 4 inches or less, and inexpensive.
The Global Positioning System relies on 24 orbiting satellites maintained by the Defense Department for public use that allow users to triangulate their precise position.
2 - Who are some of the leaders in PNDs? What are the likely factors that will contribute to winning in this marketplace?
Garmin, TomTom, Magellan and Navman are some of the leaders in PNDs. To facilitate success of the PNDs vendors must continually refine the user interface to ease command and control, as well as improve the information presentation. Also vendors are adding multifunction capabilities.
3. What will be a likely future for PNDs?
Personal navigation devices can become the next must-have gadgets. They add more comfort in the busy life in the sense that they give you an ability to concentrate on one thing less. PND like, say, GPS are starting to win over customers, from weekend hikers or bikers to people who are just tired of their lousy sense of direction. Some consumer GPS navigation devices feature interactive street maps that may also show route information, and step-by-step routing directions. Often considered a lower-cost alternative to automotive navigation systems until recently, PNDs have begun showing signs of becoming the mainstream in the global market in the future.
4. Apply as many TCOs...